How many corporations are discovering their IT investments are a significant blocker to releasing the advantages of Lean Manufacturing and why a brand new planning method is required.
Over the previous 10 years, a large number of companies starting from SME’s to Blue Chips have been rolling out or updating their Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), Distribution Requirements Planning (DRP), and Advanced Supply Chain Planning options (APS). There are quite a lot of causes for this intense exercise, starting from the necessity to consolidate IT following an acquisition, to the will to enhance the IT functionality to implement a specific provide chain technique.
When the mud settles after the implementation many companies, having spent quite a lot of money and time, are left with a really rigid IT resolution whose core planning rules are rooted within the pondering of the late 60?s, and never suitable with the agile, versatile, provide chain processes required to be aggressive right now.
It appears that our understanding of what’s required to construct an aggressively provide chain has developed significantly over the previous 40 years, nevertheless, the vary of IT options out there to assist our ambitions has not.
This white paper examines the important thing components required to construct a profitable and low-cost provide chain, how the vast majority of IT choices fail to assist these key rules, and the way a brand new method to planning can allow the advantages of Lean Manufacturing with out throwing away your IT funding.
The downside with Forecasts
Fundamentally, most ERP/DRP techniques present a really sturdy operational platform, on which the vast majority of enterprise processes are supported, from Finance to HR. Where they’re weak, nevertheless, is within the provision of planning instruments. Most come geared up with a fundamental MRP (Material Requirements Planning) engine, and the extra superior ones might complement this with predictive security inventory planning or re-order level logic, often beneath the guise of an Advanced Planning Systems (APS) module. Or to place it one other manner, your multi-million greenback IT super-car has a tractor engine lurking beneath the bonnet. The basic flaw with all of those MRP variants is that the place to begin for all calculations is a Forecast.
Most planners know that the most effective Forecasts are 70% correct at finest. APS techniques might purchase just a few proportion factors of enhancement in trade for a massively disproportionate financial funding however have categorically did not ship the marketed advantages. The actual downside is that MRP then compounds the state of affairs through the use of this imperfect forecast to exactly elevate deliberate orders and set predictive ranges of security inventory. What this does is push wildly unplanned and unpredictable ranges of stock, effort, and value into our provide chain.
Where?Push? meets? Pull?
At the identical time as companies are attempting to tame their ERP/DRP techniques, many have acknowledged that their clients are demanding greater ranges of flexibility, responsiveness, and reliability and that these components have gotten the differentiators in an ever extra? me too? market. To compete and meet the problem, many corporations are main a marketing campaign to implement Lean Manufacturing rules.
?The interface between MRP?Push? and Lean? Pull? generates quite a lot of? Heat & Light? within the planning and buying division?
Does lean manufacturing rely on across the precept of? pulling? solely the degrees of stock via the provision chain which might be required to fulfill an agreed customer support degree. Lean Manufacturing acknowledges that not all SKU’s are identical and that completely different stock replenishment guidelines are wanted, based mostly upon the quantity and variability of demand. There is an apparent incompatibility right here with the ERP/DRP IT techniques, which take a ? one measurement suits all? planning method.
This is the place the? push? replenishment indicators generated by ERP/DRP techniques conflict with the? pull? indicators required for Lean. Does this interface usually generate lots? warmth and light-weight? usually within the planning and buying departments. The interface between these two methodologies drives much more sources into translating and managing the incompatibility. This elevated overhead can reduce and even eradicated any of the fee advantages desired from Lean Manufacturing.
A Back to Basics method
Many of the newest IT planning choices comprise ever extra complicated statistical and mathematical options, all striving to enhance our capacity to forecast and due to this fact make the remainder of the MRP logic work. From the software program vendor’s perspective, this method is comprehensible, given the quantity of MRP-based software program presently out there. Sooner or later we should face the reality that MRP planning logic is completely inappropriate for 95% of companies concerned with batch manufacture. In truth not simply inappropriate however damaging to their profitability and progress potential.
?Sooner or later we should face the reality that MRP planning logic is completely inappropriate for 95% of companies concerned in batch manufacture?
We have to cease chasing the proper forecast and take a step again. We want to contemplate the important thing components required in a Best Practice provide chain design. Only as soon as we perceive these can we then choose and tailor our IT instruments to automate and assist the brand new course?
Lean Planning is required to enrich Lean Manufacture
Whilst the previous 20 years have seen quite a lot of Thought Leadership and power across the implementation of Demand Driven Lean Manufacturing, there was a definite lack of exercise across the growth of planning instruments to allow the advantages of? Lean? to be realized. To the extent that MRP continues to be thought-about amongst the overwhelming majority of corporations to be forefront.
What is required is? Lean Planning?. Lean Planning fills the hole between the legacy Forecast Driven MRP based mostly ERP/DRP techniques incumbent in most corporations, and Demand Driven Lean Manufacturing. Without needing to discard the present IT funding, there may be now a set of processes and software program instruments that present the lacking hyperlink. Lean Planning will essentially assist the ten key components of the Best Practice Supply Chain.
The idea of Lean Planning encompasses the 2 key areas of planning, i.e. Conditioning and Execution. The precept is that Planners ought to set a plan (or situation) after which execute in opposition to it. Workload and Inventory enhance when planners attempt to do each Conditioning and Execution on an identical time, by how, an attribute of MRP logic.
Conditioning – Build and Agree to the Plan
Conditioning is the vary of planning actions designed to assist the Sales & Operations Planning course. Conditioning is about constructing and agreeing on a capability and stock plan. Lean planning requires a toolkit that may section giant numbers of SKUs alongside the traces of Forecast Volumes and Historical Demand Variability. Depending upon this mixture of quantity and variability a Lean Planning instrument ought to allow the proper replenishment rule to be utilized and a goal most degree of stock to be calculated.
Execution? Generate and handle Demand Driven Orders according to the agreed Plan
?A Lean Planning Tool should be designed from the attitude of the planner and never the programmer?
Once the Conditioning is full, the remainder of the month ought to be spent elevating and executing orders according to the agreed plan. The conditioning course of might has led to the necessity for a large number of replenishment guidelines and methods, from Make to Order via to Cyclic Replenishment. Once once more Lean Planning ought to present a software program toolkit that interfaces into a present ERP/APS system and permits the era of Orders according to whichever replenishment method is suitable for the SKU involved. Lean Planning ought to present for the configuration of present MRP techniques so that they’ll mimic the motion of a real Demand Driven planning instrument in the place acceptable.
Orchestr8 Lean Planning
Lean Planning is the reply to all these corporations struggling to implement a Demand-Driven provide chain in an ERP/APS-dominated setting. Lean Planning web-based software program instruments are actually out there via Orchestr8 Limited.
Orchestr8 is a UK-based provider of software program and consulting companies to assist the implementation and operation of Lean Planning methods.
Orchestr8 provide a 5 module resolution;
?Orchestr8 is the world’s first and sole provider of Lean Planning instruments?
Orchestr8? supporting Lean Planning – Conditioning and the processes required to generate a listing and capability plan, obtain SKU segmentation, and stock goal calculation. It additionally comprises a collection of instruments and stories essential to run a profitable Sales & Operations Planning course. It additionally comprises a number of the finest instruments out there for Lifecycle administration and Seasonality.
Oper8? supporting Lean Planning – Execution and the instruments wanted to generate and handle orders according to acceptable replenishment guidelines recognized via conditioning. Oper8 is an order administration setting designed by planners. Orders are managed by exception permitting one planner to deal with thrice the variety of SKUs usually potential with conventional ERP/DRP techniques.
Simul8 ? a software program workbench that permits full enterprise value simulation fashions to be constructed to investigate the impression of any variety of planning methods, rolled as much as any degree inside the group. Simul8 can extract information from one or many planning places.
Collabor8 ? an internet portal containing complete reporting, metrics, and subject logging instruments, designed to supply a multi-faceted view of provide chain data for all provide chain companions concerned. Collabor8 hyperlinks several situations of the opposite lean Planning modules to realize a whole cross-company view, spanning some websites and even continents.
Configur8 ? a dynamic configuration instrument permitting any configuration of the opposite 4 Lean Planning modules to be achieved. This permits the assist of any consumer provides chain, regardless of how complicated. In addition Configur8 interfaces seamlessly with all the Communic8 net companies designed to import and export information with all the main ERP/DRP merchandise.
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